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People and Society

 

Nationality:

Noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Portuguese

Ethnic groups:

Homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal

Languages:

Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)

Religions:

Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
Notes: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)

Population:

10,813,834 (July 2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 80

Age structure:

0-14 years: 15.9% (male 893,902/female 821,062)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 654,102/female 579,440)
25-54 years: 42.2% (male 2,304,503/female 2,260,556)
55-64 years: 11.9% (male 599,380/female 685,279)
65 years and over: 18.4% (male 824,062/female 1,191,548) (2014 est.)
Population pyramid:

Dependency ratios:

Total dependency ratio: 50.8 %
Youth dependency ratio: 22.1 %
Elderly dependency ratio: 28.7 %
Potential support ratio: 3.5 (2014 est.)

Median age:

Total: 41.1 years
Male: 39 years
Female: 43.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.12% (2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 184

Birth rate:

9.42 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 202

Death rate:

10.97 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 36

Net migration rate:

2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 36

Urbanization:

Urban population: 61.1% of total population (2011)
Rate of urbanization: 0.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas – population:

LISBON (capital) 2.843 million; Porto 1.367 million (2011)

Sex ratio:

At birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Mother’s mean age at first birth:

29.2 (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate:

8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Country comparison to the world: 162

Infant mortality rate:

Total: 4.48 deaths/1,000 live births
Country comparison to the world: 188
Male: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 4.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

Total population: 79.01 years
Country comparison to the world: 49
Male: 75.76 years
Female: 82.47 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.52 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 189

Contraceptive prevalence rate:

86.8% (2005/06)

Health expenditures:

10.4% of GDP (2011)
Country comparison to the world: 21

Physicians density:

3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density:

3.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source:

Improved:
Urban: 99.8% of population
Rural: 99.9% of population
Total: 99.8% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 0.2% of population
Rural: 0.1% of population
Total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

Improved:
Urban: 100% of population
Rural: 100% of population
Total: 100% of population
Unimproved:
Urban: 0% of population
Rural: 0% of population
Total: 0% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.6% (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 63

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

42,000 (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 65

HIV/AIDS – deaths:

Fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 93

Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

24% (2008)
Country comparison to the world: 69

Education expenditures:

5.6% of GDP (2010)
Country comparison to the world: 55

Literacy:

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 95.4%
Male: 97%
Female: 94% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

Total: 16 years
Male: 16 years
Female: 17 years (2010)

Child labor – children ages 5-14:

Total number: 36,569
Percentage: 3 %
Note: data represents children ages 6-14 (2001 est.)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

Total: 37.6%
Country comparison to the world: 17
Male: 36.4%
Female: 39.1% (2012)